Felipe Archuleta

Type
Individual
Role
Artist
Identifier
ArchuletaFelipe
Lifespan
1910 – 1991
Functions, Occupations, and Activities
>Wood carver
Heritage
Hispanic
Medium
Wood, paint, mixed media
Biography
Felipe Benito Archuleta (1910–1991) was an Hispanic artist who worked mostly in New Mexico. Felipe Benito Archuleta grew up poor. He left school at an early age to work as a field hand and later as a stonemason, cook, and for many years a carpenter. His Spanish heritage exposed him to "bulto" making, the shaping of wooden religious figures used in shrines. In 1967, unable to find work, Felipe prayed to God to alleviate his poverty and desperation. His subsequent religious awakening led to his work as a carver of animals. Felipe is best known for his animal sculptures that emphasize the ferocious nature of the animals he portrays by providing them with irregularly carved teeth, wide-eyed stares, and exaggerated snouts and genitals. Archuleta carved his last major work in the Spring of 1987 due to suffering from arthritis. [Retrieved on 9/13/17 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felipe_Archuleta] Felipe Archuleta is considered to be the founding father of the non-santero wood-carving tradition in New Mexico. He claims that he began carving in response to a command from God, but he chose to carve animals instead of saints because he said he was not worthy to be a santero. His ferocious yet delightful animals have distinctive personality traits, sometimes scowling, sometimes fierce, but they have the inherent appeal of domestic pets. Archuleta sometimes made small black and white drawings of his carvings, which are highly collectible. [Retrieved on 9/13/17 from https://www.justfolk.com/product-category/outsider-art/archuleta/]
Geographic names
Tesuque
Related people/organizations
David Alvarez (taught)
Leroy Archuleta (is parent of )
Alonzo Jimenez (taught)
Leroy Archuleta (taught)
Ron Rodriguez (is grandparent of )
Ron Rodriguez (taught)
Related exhibition/event
Wooden Menagerie: Made in New Mexico (participated)